Pisa is situated in the center of Tuscany, possibly the greatest cradle of art in the world, close to world-famous towns such as Florence, Lucca, and Siena. It is known worldwide for the Piazza dei Miracoli with its famous Leaning Tower. Built from 1173 to 1372, the Leaning Tower, together with the Cathedral and the Baptistery, are the most beautiful example of the Pisan Romanesque architectural style.
Pisa is a city of art, but also of humanistic culture and science. It is the hometown of Galileo Galilei, Leonardo Fibonacci, Ulisse Dini, and Antonio Pacinotti. It houses one of the oldest universities in the world, founded in 1343 (which also hosts the oldest botanical garden, founded in 1544), alma mater of Nobel Prize scientists Enrico Fermi and Carlo Rubbia. Pisa also hosts two higher learning institutions, Scuola Normale Superiore (founded by Napoleon in 1810) and Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, as well as the nation’s largest campus of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR).
Pisa is easily reachable via air, rail, road, and sea. The Pisa “Galileo Galilei” International Airport (PSA) is just one km from the city, and is a convenient gateway to and from the rest of the world, with direct flights to many European and intercontinental destinations, including Rome, Amsterdam, Athens, Berlin, Copenhagen, Glasgow, London, Madrid, Munich, New York, Paris, to name but a few. Several low-cost flights are based at PSA, with RyanAir alone serving 48 destinations in Europe and North Africa.